Research – Underage Drinking and Health Consequences


Research – Underage Drinking and Health Consequences

 

A Latent Class Analysis of Underage Problem Drinking: Evidence from a Community Sample of 16-20 Year Olds.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871605003509

Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 27 July 2006; Volume 83, Issue 3, Pages 199-209
The aim of this paper is to shed light on the nature of underage problem drinking by using an empirically based method to characterize the variation in patterns of drinking in a community sample of underage drinkers.

Acute Immunomodulatory Effects of Binge Alcohol Ingestion

http://www.alcoholjournal.org/article/S0741-8329(14)20186-8/abstract

“Alcohol”, 2014; DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2014.10.002
Blood alcohol is present in a third of trauma patients and has been associated with organ dysfunction. In both human studies and in animal models, it is clear that alcohol intoxication exerts immunomodulatory effects several hours to days after exposure, when blood alcohol is no longer detectable. Researchers found that a single episode of binge alcohol intoxication exerted effects on the immune system that caused an early and transient pro-inflammatory state followed by an anti-inflammatory state.

Alcohol Dependence or Abuse and Age of First Use

http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k4/ageDependence/ageDependence.htm

NSDUH Report
October 22, 2004
According to an analysis of the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, persons reporting they first used alcohol before age 15 are more than five times as likely to report past year alcohol dependence or abuse as adults than persons who first used alcohol at age 21 or older.

Association of Age at First Drink With Current Alcohol Drinking Variables in a National General Population Sample

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1097/01.ALC.0000139812.98173.A4/abstract

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. September 2004; Volume 28, Issue 9, pages 1379-1387
A study has found that the younger a person begins drinking alcohol, the more likely they are of becoming problem adult drinkers. Researchers with the University at Buffalo’s Research Institute on Addictions have found that the likelihood of alcohol abuse or dependence later in life increases by 12 percent for each year of decrease in the age at first drink for both men and women. They also reported that the earlier an individual began drinking alcohol, the greater the degree of alcohol intoxication experienced routinely on typical drinking occasions in adulthood.

Binge Drinking Predicts Suicide Attempts in Teens

http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/504976/

Health Behavior News
May 13, 2004
Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham conducted a survey of sophomores and juniors at several high schools in Buffalo, NY, and found that binge drinking was a key predictor of actual suicide attempts compared to suicidal thoughts, even after factoring in high levels of depression and stress. The study’s findings were published in the May 2004 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Flavored Alcoholic Beverage Use, Risky Drinking Behaviors, and Adverse Outcomes Among Underage Drinkers: Results From the ABRAND Study

http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302349

American Journal of Public Health (February 25, 2015), Vol. 0, No. 0 : pp. e1-e6; doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302349
This report is believed to be the first study to document an association between the consumption of different types of flavored alcoholic beverages by youth ages 13-20, risky drinking behaviors, and self-reported injuries related to alcohol consumption. In previous studies by the same researchers, nearly half of underage drinkers in the U.S. reported having consumed flavored alcohol beverages in the past 30 days.

Measuring College Students’ Motives for Playing Drinking Games

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15238050

Psychol Addict Behav. 2004 Jun;18(2):91-9
According to a study from Indiana State University, 44%of males who reported engaging in drinking games do so to improve their chances of sexual activity with other players. The study’s authors, Johnson and Sheets, report that men “sexually manipulate” other players by using drinking games, which encourage drinking large amounts of alcohol quickly. Thirty percent of males report they play drinking games in an effort to try to get their opponent drunk enough to engage in sexual activity, and 20% report committing a sexual assault after playing a drinking game.