Impaired Driving

Impaired Driving


DUI Foundation – Educate and Prevent

Driving under the influence of alcohol and other impairing substances is an epidemic in our society that doesn’t appear to be going away in the near future.

Effectiveness of Social Host and Fake Identification Laws on Reducing Underage Drinking Driver Fatal Crashes

Traffic Injury Prevention (2014) 15, S64-S73

The minimum legal drinking age-21 (MLDA-21) state laws consist of multiple provisions that support the coreMLDA-21 laws and include a family of policies directed at controlling underage drinking and underage drinking and driving. Because social host and fake identification laws have recently garnered interest by policy makers in the states, this study examined their effectiveness. The study found that for those drivers younger than aged 21 years, fake identification (FID) supplier laws were associated with significant decreases in Fatal Analysis Reporting System (FARS) ratios after states adopted these laws; and the 24 states that have adopted FID supplier laws are saving an estimated 14 lives per year in the United States. An additional 16 lives could be saved if the remaining states adopted this law. FID supplier laws prohibit the production of a FID or transfer of an ID or FID to another person. The more stringent the law (i.e., whether a state prohibits only one element [weaker law] compared to both transferring and manufacturing a FID [stronger]) the more effective a deterrent it becomes to supplying a minor with a FID. States without FID supplier laws should consider adopting them.

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)

IIHS, a non-profit, traffic safety research organization, compiles research and facts on highway safety, including impaired driving prevention. The IIHS Web site provides access to its Safety Facts series, the Status Report newsletter, and other full-text publications.

Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

MADD’s Web site includes information about MADD’s initiatives to prevent impaired driving, reduce underage drinking, and provide assistance to victims of alcohol-related traffic crashes. In addition, one can find a compilation of facts and statistics on underage drinking and traffic crashes, daily news summaries, and a comprehensive set of links to related Web sites.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

NHTSA provides leadership to the motor vehicle and highway safety community through the development of innovative approaches to reducing motor vehicle crashes and injuries.


RID-USA Web site includes information about this long-standing organization devoted to preventing impaired driving and alcohol poisoning fatalities.

Status Report: Special Issue – alcohol -impaired driving

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Status Report. April 2, 2005; Volume 40, Number 4
During the 1980s and 1990s, important progress was made toward reducing serious crashes and deaths involving drivers under the influence of alcohol. According to a publication by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), worldwide progress has stalled and hasn’t revived. Making further progress will require new ways of thinking about existing countermeasures and incorporating new technology.


Medical Reviewer